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Evidence for Prescription and Referral

Wade, M., Mann, S., Copeland, R.J., and Steele, J. (2020). Effect of exercise referral schemes upon health and well-being: initial observational insights using individual patient data meta-analysis from the National Referral Database. J. Epidemiol. Community Health, 74(1): 32–41. doi:10.1136/jech-2019-212674

Mottola, M.F., Davenport, M.H., Ruchat, S.-M., Davies, G.A., Poitras, V.J., Gray, C.E., Jaramillo Garcia, A., Barrowman, N., Adamo, K.B., Duggan, M., Barakat, R., Chilibeck, P., Fleming, K., Forte, M., Korolnek, J., Nagpal, T., Slater, L.G., Stirling, D., and Zehr, L. (2018). 2019 Canadian guideline for physical activity throughout pregnancy. Br. J. Sports Med., 52(21): 1339–1346. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2018-100056

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. (2018). 2018 surveillance of physical activity: exercise referral schemes (NICE) guideline PH54)

Dasgupta, K., MD, MSc, Rosenberg, E., MD, Joseph, L., PhD, Cooke, A. B., MSc, Trudeau, L., MD, Bacon, S. L., PhD, . . . Daskalopoulou, S. S., MD, PhD. (2017). Physician step prescription and monitoring to improve ARTERial health (SMARTER): A randomized controlled trial in patients with type 2 diabetes and hypertensionDiabetes of Obesity and Metabolism, 19(5), 695-704. doi:10.1111/dom.12874

AuYoung, M., Linke, S.E., Pagoto, S., Buman, M.P., Craft, L.L., Richardson, C.R., Hutber, A., Marcus, B.H., Estabrooks, P., and Sheinfeld Gorin, S. (2016). Integrating physical activity in primary care practice. Am. J. Med., 129(10): 1022–1029. doi:10.1016/j.amjmed.2016.02.008

Hoffmann, T.C., Maher, C.G., Briffa, T., Sherrington, C., Bennell, K., Alison, J., Singh, M.F., and Glasziou, P.P. (2016). Prescribing exercise interventions for patients with chronic conditions. Can. Med. Assoc. J.,188(7): 510–518. doi:10.1503/cmaj.150684

Morgan, F., Battersby, A., Weightman, A.L., Searchfield, L., Turley, R., Morgan, H., Jagroo, J., and Ellis, S. (2016). Adherence to exercise referral schemes by participants – what do providers and commissioners need to know? A systematic review of barriers and facilitators. BMC Public Health, 16(1): 227. doi:10.1186/s12889-016-2882-7

Ross, R., Blair, S.N., Arena, R., Church, T.S., Després, J.P., Franklin, B.A., Haskell, W.L., Kaminsky, L.A., Levine, B.D., Lavie, C.J., Myers, J., Niebauer, J., Sallis, R., Sawada, S.S., Sui, X., and Wisløff, U. (2016). Importance of assessing cardiorespiratory fitness in clinical practice: A case for fitness as a clinical vital sign: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation, 134(24): e653–e699. doi:10.1161/CIR.0000000000000461

Thornton, J.S., Frémont, P., Khan, K., Poirier, P., Fowles, J., Wells, G.D., and Frankovich, R.J. (2016). Physical activity prescription: a critical opportunity to address a modifiable risk factor for the prevention and management of chronic disease: a position statement by the Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine. Br. J. Sports Med., 50(18): 1109–1114. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096291

Vijay, G. C., Wilson, E. C., Suhrcke, M., Hardeman, W., & Sutton, S. (2016). Are brief interventions to increase physical activity cost-effective? A systematic reviewBritish Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(7), 408-417. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2015-094655

Campbell, F., Holmes, M., Everson-Hock, E., Davis, S., Buckley Woods, H., Anokye, N., Tappenden, P., and Kaltenthaler, E. (2015). A systematic review and economic evaluation of exercise referral schemes in primary care: a short report. Health Technol. Assess. (Rockv)., 19(60): 1–110. doi:10.3310/hta19600

Naci, H., & Ioannidis, J. P. (2013). Comparative effectiveness of exercise and drug interventions on mortality outcomes: Metaepidemiological studyBMJ, 347 (Oct11). doi:10.1136/bmj.f5577

Ilkka, V. M., MD, PhD, Lavie, C. J., MD, & Blair, S. N., PED. (2013). Physical Activity Promotion in the Health Care SystemMayo Clinic Proceedings, 88(12), 1446-1461. doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2013.08.020

Orrow, G., Kinmonth, A., Sanderson, S., & Sutton, S. (2012). Effectiveness of physical activity promotion based in primary care: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trialsBMJ, 344(Mar26 1). doi:10.1136/bmj.e1389

Pavey, T. G., Taylor, A. H., Fox, K. R., Hillsdon, M., Anokye, N., Campbell, J. L., . . . Taylor, R. S. (2011). Effect of exercise referral schemes in primary care on physical activity and improving health outcomes: Systematic review and meta-analysisBritish Medical Journal, 343. doi:10.1136/bmj.d6462

Grandes, G., MD, MS, Sanchez, A., PhD, Sanchez-Pinilla, R. O., MD, Torcal, J., MD, Montoya, I., MS, Lizarraga, K., MD, & Serra, J., MD. (2009). Effectiveness of Physical Activity Advice and Prescription by Physicians in Routine Primary CareA Cluster Randomized TrialArchives of Internal Medicine, 169(7), 694-701. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2009.23

Petrella, R. J., Koval, J. J., Cunningham, D. A., & Paterson, D. H. (2003). Can primary care doctors prescribe exercise to improve fitness? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 24(4), 316-322. doi:10.1016/s0749-3797(03)00022-9

Petrella, R. J., & Lattanzio, C. N. (2002). Does counseling help patients get active? Systematic review of the literatureCanadian Family Physician, 48(1), 72-80.

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